Indonesia E-Court System

As follow-up to Supreme Court Regulation No. 3 of 2018 on Electronic Court Proceeding Administration,[1] the Director General of General Court Administration at the Supreme Court has issued Decree No. 271/DJU/SK/PS01/4/2018 to launch the operation of the Indonesian E-Court system.

The E-Court system aims to almost fully process court proceedings electronically, which includes most stages of a court proceeding, covering court summons and notification, reply, rejoinder, surrejoinder, and conclusion (excludes examination of evidence). Even the payment of the court fees will be done electronically and the court decision or determination will be issued electronically to the concerned parties.

Registration

To use the E-Court system, one must register at the Supreme Court’s official website by inputting the required data. Specifically for attorneys, the following documents must be uploaded:[2]

  1. Residential Identification Card (Kartu Tanda Penduduk);
  2. Bar membership card; and
  3. Proof of taking attorney’s oath issued by a High Court.

Case Registration

To register a case, the attorney must access the E-Court of the court that has jurisdiction over the case (currently E-Court has only been implemented in the Surabaya District Court and Central Jakarta District Court).[3]

After inputting the necessary data of the case and uploading the lawsuit or application, the E-Court system will generate the amount of court fees that must be paid for the case to be registered. Once the court fees are paid to the court’s virtual account, the E-Court system will issue the payment confirmation and case number, which serves as proof that the case has been registered.[4]

After the case is registered, the case’s court summons can be issued to the parties for the first court hearing of the case.[5]

Court Summons and Notification

The court summons for the first court hearing of the case is delivered to the plaintiff through his/her email and E-Court system. If the case has a defendant, the court summons to the defendant is delivered manually.[6]

In the first court hearing of the case, the parties to the case will asked if they agree to continue the court proceedings electronically. If all parties to the case agree, the case will proceed electronically in the E-Court system.[7]

Electronic Court Proceedings

If all parties to the case agree to continue the case electronically in the E-Court system, the next stages of the court proceedings will be done in the E-Court system, except for examination of evidence. This includes reply, rejoinder, surrejoinder, conclusion, and the court’s decision or determination, in which all court documents will be uploaded and delivered through the E-Court system.[8]

The court’s decision or determination electronic copy will be issued within 14 days since it was rendered (7 days for bankruptcy cases).[9]

Gradual Implementation

Currently, the E-Court system has only been launched for the Surabaya District Court and Central Jakarta District Court. Other courts will implement the E-Court system in August this year.[10]


FOOTNOTES

[1] See: Andin Aditya Rahman, “Indonesia Court Proceeding Administration Now Online,” 5 April 2018

[2] Decree, Article 3 and Article 5

[3] Decree, Article 4

[4] Decree, Article 4 and Article 10

[5] Decree, Article 14 paragraph (1)

[6] Decree, Article 15 paragraph (1) and Article 15 paragraph (2)

[7] Decree, Article 15 paragraph (4) and Article 15 paragraph (5)

[8] Decree, Article 21

[9] Decree, Article 23 paragraph (1) and Article 23 paragraph (2)

[10] Decree, Article 33 paragraph (1) and Article 33 paragraph (2)


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